Sixty-five percent of the population of Mozambique is rural and highly dependent on agriculture and natural resources. Following a 16 year civil war that ended in 1992, most of the rural population resettled back on their land and resumed farming. The country sought a new model for rural development: one that would attract new investment and stimulate the rural economy, but would also assure communities secure rights to land, the basis for rural livelihoods and social security. In 1997, Mozambique enacted a new Land Law that set the stage for such a model to take root. Four lessons are presented in this module. Each of these slideshows is accompanied by other media that further enriches the lesson, including maps, timelines, legal texts, institutional structures, procedures, publications and papers, presentations, and videos.